Samsara Newsletter

Week 44, 2018 (Oct 27 - Nov 02)

Policy & Economy News

India will drive Global growth in next decade : Prime Minister

Govt has identified 12 champion sectors to promote exports: Suresh Prabhu

India improves rank by 23 positions in Ease of Doing Business

Business News - The India Boom Factor

India, Bangladesh ink milestone pacts for cargo movements: Shipping Secretary

India's 2018-19 sugar export contracts rise to 8.5 lakh tonnes: Traders

India, Italy push for enhanced trade, investment

Shipping News

MSC, CMA CGM and COSCO New co-operation on IMED Service

CMA CGM to reshuffle its Mediterranean - Middle East Gulf-Indian Subcontinent services

CMA CGM updates on Nigeria call for MIDAS 1 & WAX 3 service

APL enhances Asia-Subcontinent Network

'Cabotage relaxation has helped to reduce Coastal Shipping rates' says Shipping Secretary

Logistics News

Nitin Gadkari lays foundation of India's largest Dry Dock at Cochin Shipyard

Indian Port News

IWAI to hand over its Kolkata terminals to a private company on supply, operate, maintain model

Paradip Port implements innovative Mediterranean Mooring type of berthing

Policy & Economy News

India will drive Global growth in next decade : Prime Minister
Daily Shipping Times -Tokyo, November 30 Top
India is going through a massive transformative phase and international agencies say the Country will drive the growth of the global economy in the coming decade, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said recently as he invited the Indian community in Japan to contribute actively in building a "new India".

The PM was in Japan to attend the 13th India-Japan annual summit, detailed India's economic and technological growth during his four-year tenure.

Speaking about 'Make in India' initiative, Modi said the initiative has emerged as a global brand."We're manufacturing quality products not only for India but for the world. India is becoming a global hub, especially in the field of electronics and automobile manufacturing." he said.

Modi said India is becoming one of the fastest growing big economies due to the development taking place in the Country.

Govt has identified 12 champion sectors to promote exports: Suresh Prabhu
Exim News Service - Mumbai, Oct. 30 Top
"For the first time in India's history, government identified 12 champion sectors and line ministries to promote exports," said Mr Suresh Prabhu, Minister of Commerce and Industry and Civil Aviation, government of India, in a video message on day one of the World Trade Expo 2018 organised by World Trade Centre Mumbai and All India Association of Industries on October 29 and 30. Mr Prabhu further stated that India is poised to increase its share in global trade. In 2017-18, India's exports have recovered and started growing at 9 per cent after declining for several years. Further he stated, "I am happy to share that the recovery of India's exports has started during my tenure as Minister of Commerce". In the current year, India's exports are growing at 15-16 per cent, despite small blip in last September, said a release.

India's Ministry of Commerce is working on a strategy of preparing a comprehensive road map to promote India's export. As a part of this initiative, government of India has called upon the line ministries to discuss export promotion strategy apart from giving targets and ideas to each of these ministries to enhance exports.

Ministry of Commerce has already prepared and cleared the agriculture exports policy which will soon be cleared by the Cabinet. Also policies for various territories and regions have been formulated. Commerce Ministry is holding meetings with its counterparts in African countries, where India's export share is hardly 8 per cent. Similar talks are on with Latin America. The government of India is also identifying potential new markets in Central Asia.

"The Ministry of Commerce has also prepared a strategy for champion sectors in services to promote exports. As part of this strategy, 12 champion sectors have been identified with an export potential of Rs 5,000 crore (Rs.50 billion). We are working on this strategy to encourage India's services sector exports," Mr Prabhu said.

In the inaugural welcome address Mr Vijay Kalantri, President, All India Association of Industries and Vice-Chairman, MVIRDC World Trade Centre Mumbai, said, "World Trade Expo is one of its kind initiative in the financial capital of India to connect India's Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), Startup Companies with global markets. The expo will also promote India's ambitious policies on Startup India, Digital India, Make in India, Skill Development, apart from trade and investment. The focus sectors of the World Trade Expo are trade/investments, health and personal care, education, agro and food processing, technology, tourism and culture and other areas of economic interest."

Speaking on this occasion, Amb. Mr Manoj K. Bharti, Additional Secretary (ED and States), Ministry of External Affairs, government of India, said, "The rise of India is the one of the most significant economic stories of our time. India has the global advantage on three major aspects: Democracy, Demography and Demand. The long-term growth prospect of the Indian economy is positive due to its young population, corresponding low dependency ratio, healthy savings and investment rates, and increasing integration into the global economy. India's cost-competitive and highly efficient and advanced manufacturing sector has attracted international companies to set up research and development labs as well as production and service infrastructure for the global market. These measures will help India realise its goal to attain a $ 7 trillion economy by 2030 from the current $ 2.4 trillion."

In the concluding remarks, Mr Damian Irzyk, Consul General of Poland in India, said, "The European Union is India's largest trading partner, accounting for 13 per cent of India's overall trade. Our bilateral trade in commercial services has tripled to ? 29 billion in the decade ending 2016. European Union is also the second largest investor in India with ? 70 billion cumulative FDI between 2000 and 2017, accounting for a quarter of total foreign investments into the country." Mr Irzyk invited Indian companies to take advantage of the strong consumer market of 38 million people in Poland.

Mr Ernest Rwamucyo, High Commissioner of Rwanda in India, said, "India and Africa together make a vibrant economy of 3.5 billion people and $ 5 trillion economy, with greater voice in the world trading regime. In the last 15 years, India-Africa bilateral trade has grown 20 times and today it stands at $ 70 billion. This has the potential to grow much faster and can cross the $ 100-billion mark in the next couple of years."

"India's share in world trade is hardly 2.15 per cent, which is far less than its contribution of 3.21 per cent to world GDP. India has signed multiple trade agreements with some countries. These complex agreements make it difficult for Indian exporters to understand the duty benefits, concessions and eligibility conditions to avail these benefits," said Dr Rajan Sudesh Ratna, Economic Affairs Officer, Trade, Investment and Innovation Division, UNESCAP.

India improves rank by 23 positions in Ease of Doing Business
Exim News Service - New Delhi, Nov. 1 Top
The World Bank released its latest Doing Business Report (DBR, 2019) on Wednesday in New Delhi. India has recorded a jump of 23 positions against its rank of 100 in 2017 to be placed now at 77th rank among 190 countries assessed by the World Bank. India's leap of 23 ranks in the Ease of Doing Business ranking is significant considering that last year India had improved its rank by 30 places, a rare feat for any large and diverse country of the size of India. As a result of continued efforts by the government, India has improved its rank by 53 positions in last two years and 65 positions in last four years.

The Doing Business assessment provides objective measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 190 economies on ten parameters affecting a business through its life cycle. The DBR ranks countries on the basis of Distance to Frontier (DTF), a score that shows the gap of an economy to the global best practice. This year, India's DTF score improved to 67.23 from 60.76 in the previous year.

India has improved its rank in 6 out of 10 indicators and has moved closer to international best practices (Distance to Frontier score) on 7 out of the 10 indicators. But, the most dramatic improvements have been registered in the indicators related to 'Construction Permits' and 'Trading across Borders'. In grant of construction permits, India's rank improved from 181 in 2017 to 52 in 2018, an improvement of 129 ranks in a single year. In 'Trading across Borders', India's rank improved by 66 positions moving from 146 in 2017 to 80 in 2018.

As per a release, the important features of India's performance this year are:

* The World Bank has recognised India as one of the top improvers for the year.

* This is the second consecutive year for which India has been recognised as one of the top improvers.

* India is the first BRICS and South Asian country to be recognised as top improvers in consecutive years.

* India has recorded the highest improvement in two years by any large country since 2011 in the Doing Business assessment by improving its rank by 53 positions.

* As a result of continued performance, India is now placed at first position among South Asian countries as against 6th in 2014.

Business News - The India Boom Factor

India, Bangladesh ink milestone pacts for cargo movements: Shipping Secretary
Daily Shipping Times -New Delhi, October 29 Top
India and Bangladesh have reached several milestone pacts that include using two ports of the neighbouring nation for goods movement and a pact for cruise movement to give a boost to waterways connectivity, a top official said recently. "The two countries have signed an agreement to use Chattogram and Mongla Ports in Bangladesh for movement of goods to and from India. A Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) has also been signed for movement of passenger and cruise services," Shipping Secretary Gopal Krishna said here.

His Bangladesh counterpart Md Abdus Samad and senior officials from both sides were also present.

These agreements will facilitate easier movement of goods and passengers between the two countries, giving an impetus to trade and tourism, Krishna said and added the two sides also agreed to consider inclusion of Rupnarayan river (National Waterway-86) from Geonkhali to Kolaghat in the protocol route and to declare Kolaghat in West Bengal as new Port of Call. Chilmari was agreed to as a port of call in Bangladesh.

The new arrangement will facilitate movement of fly-ash, cement, construction materials etc from India to Bangladesh through IWT on Rupnarayan river.

"Further, both sides agreed to declare Badarpur on river Barak (NW 16) as an Extended Port of Call of Karimganj in Assam and Ghorasal of Ashuganj in Bangladesh on reciprocal basis. The Indian side proposed for extension of the protocol routes from Kolkata up to Silchar in Assam," the Secretary said.

Currently 3.5 million tonne cargo is transported on protocol routes through inland waterways which is expected to increase substantially after the declaration of additional Ports of Call and extension of protocol routes.

The North Eastern States would get connected directly to the ports of Kolkata and Haldia in India and Mongla in Bangladesh through waterways which would facilitate movement Export-Import cargo and would also reduce the logistic costs, he said. Further both sides have also agreed for development of Jogighopa as a hub/trans-shipment terminal for movement of cargo to Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Bhutan and notifying Munsiganj River terminal by Bangladesh Customs for routing third party export-import cargo through Kolkata Port.

Discussions were also held to make Nakugaon Land Port in Bangladesh and Dalu ICP (India) operational and to connect Gelephu (Bhutan) as tripartite cross-border route.

India's 2018-19 sugar export contracts rise to 8.5 lakh tonnes: Traders
Daily Shipping Times -Pune, October 31 Top
Indian sugar mills have traded 8.3 lakh tonnes of sugar, if the 50 lakh tonne that they have to export during 2018-19 sugar season with Uttar Pradesh accounting for more than half of the contacts, said traders at a conference organised by All India Sugar Trades Association (AISTA).

Most of the 8.3 lakh tonnes of sugar contracted for export is raw, said traders. Of the 4.5 lakh tonnes contracted by UP mills, about 2 lakh tonnes are on account of third party contracts.

In third party contracts, sugar mills sell their mandatory minimum indicative export quota (MIEQ) to traders/trade houses, who can buy sugar against such quota from anywhere they want.

India, Italy push for enhanced trade, investment
Tribune News Service - New Delhi, October 30 Top
India and Italy on Tuesday discussed steps to enhance cooperation in areas of trade, investment, energy and technology. Prime Minister Narendra Modi today held talks in Delhi with his Italian counterpart Giuseppe Conte, who arrived this morning to participate in the 24th edition of the India-Italy Technology Summit.

"The leaders reiterated that India and Italy ties are based on shared principles and values of democracy, freedom, rule of law, respect for human rights and territorial integrity of States," said the joint statement post talks.

"India and Italy have decided to boost ties in key sectors such as lifestyle accessories design, transportation and automobile design, energy, life sciences etc. Such extensive engagement will benefit the citizens of our nations," tweeted PM Modi.

Reaffirming their commitment to global non-proliferation efforts, PM Conte reiterated Italy's support to India's intensified engagement for admission into the Nuclear Suppliers' Group (NSG). Both PMs also called for strong measures to be taken against support and financing of terror outfits and to implement Security Council resolution 1267 that imposes sanctions against terror entities. "They condemned all kinds of State support to terrorists, including cross-border terrorism, and providing safe havens to terrorists and their network," said the joint statement with no individual terrorist or group named.

Seeking improved transparency, dispute settlement mechanism, and rule making functions of the WTO, the top leaders 'committed to ensure free and open trade on a level-playing field and fight all forms of protectionism, including protectionist unilateral measures and unfair trade practices'.

Organised by the Department of Science and Technology along with industry body CII, the technology summit focussed on key sectors as health care, aerospace, renewable and clean energy and ICT (Information and Communication Technology). Bilateral trade between India and Italy increased to $10.5 billion in 2017-18 from $8.8 billion in the previous fiscal. "Regarding our economic partnership, we've explored possible Italian contribution to 'Make In India'," said Conte at the summit.

The next session of the India-Italy Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation (JCEC) will be convened in India in 2019 to work towards constituting a CEO Forum and setting up a Fast Track Mechanism to promote two-way investments. To boost joint ventures in infrastructure sector in India , both sides agreed to foster contacts between Italy's Cassa Depositi e Prestiti (CDP) and India's National Infrastructure Investment Fund (NIIF).

Shipping News

MSC, CMA CGM and COSCO New co-operation on IMED Service
Daily Shipping Times - Mumbai, October 29 Top
MSC is pleased to announce its new co operation with CMA CGM and COSCO on the IMED Service to give the trade a fast and direct service between the Indian Sub Continent, Turkey and East Mediterranean Ports.

The IMED service will be operated with 7 vessels of 9000 TEUS capacity of which MSC will provide 5 vessels and CMA CGM and COSCO providing 1 vessel each.

The Port rotation is Mundra, Nhava Sheva, Colombo, King Abdullah, Port Said, Mersin, Piraeus, Tekirdag, Istanbul, Mersin, Iskenderun, King Abdullah, Salalah, Jebel Ali, Mina Khalifa, Hamad, Jubail, Jebel Ali, Mundra.

The Joint Service will commence from Hamad on the 12th November 2018. MSC continuously strengthens its commitment to its customers in the Indian trade to provide fast and reliable services, said a company release.

CMA CGM to reshuffle its Mediterranean - Middle East Gulf-Indian Subcontinent services
Daily Shipping Times - Marseille, October 29 Top
CMA CGM has announced the reshuffling of its Mediterranean - Middle-East Gulf & Indian Subcontinent Services (MEDEX, MEGEM, INDIAMED) effective as from Week 46 from the Middle East.

The release from the company says, "Please be informed of an enhancement of MEDEX and MEGEM products and a change of INDIAMED product to meet our good customers' expectations and needs."

Main features of these services, operated with a total of 21 vessels, are the following:


. 8 vessels - 17 calls: starting with "NINGBO EXPRESS" ETA Jebel Ali on November 10th, 2018.

. 56-day rotation: Jebel Ali - Karachi - Nhava Sheva - Mundra - Jeddah - Malta - La Spezia - Genoa - Valencia - Barcelona - Fos - Genoa - Malta - Damietta - Aqaba - Jeddah - Hamad - Jebel Ali.

. Transit Time references:

Jebel Ali -> Genoa 23 days / Genoa -> Jebel Ali 16 days

Nhava Sheva -> Fos Sur Mer 25 days / Fos Sur Mer -> Nhava Sheva 23 days

Malta -> Hamad 11 days / Aqaba -> Hamad 4 days


. 6 vessels - 15 calls: starting with "UASC YAS" ETA Jebel Ali on October 30th, 2018

. 42-day rotation: Jebel Ali - Hamad - Dammam - Jubail - Jebel Ali - Jeddah - Port Said West - Mersin - Piraeus - Izmit - Ambarli - Aliaga - Iskenderun - Damietta - Jeddah - Jebel Ali

. Transit Time references:

Hamad -> Port Said 15 days / Aliaga -> Hamad 11 days

Jubail -> Mersin 14 days / Ambarli -> Dammam 16 days

Jebel Ali -> Port said 11 days / Ambarli -> Jebel Ali 12 days


. 7 vessels - 14 calls: starting with "MSC ALGHERO" ETA Jebel Ali on November 16th, 2018

. 49-day rotation: Jebel Ali - Hamad - Jubail - Jebel Ali - Mundra - Nhava Sheva - Colombo - Port Said West - Mersin - Piraeus - Ambarli - Mersin - Iskenderun - Jebel Ali
. Transit Time references:

Hamad -> Mersin 23 days / Iskenderun -> Jebel Ali 14 days

Nhava Sheva -> Ambarli 20 days / Ambarli -> Mundra 27 days

Colombo -> Mersin 11 days.

CMA CGM updates on Nigeria call for MIDAS 1 & WAX 3 service
Daily Shipping Times - Marseille, October 31 Top
CMA CGM has informed latest update of its WAX 3 and MIDAS 1 services serving respectively the Asia > Nigeria route and India Subcontinent Middle East Gulf > Nigeria route.

The statement of the company says in order to continue delivering the premium quality service in Nigeria with high reliability and service continuity you expect from us, CMA CGM will make the following changes with immediate effect and until further notice:


Effective m/v HAMMONIA AMERICA voy. 0MS1NW1MA

MIDAS 1 serves Tincan Lagos on direct and weekly basis from India Subcontinent Middle East Gulf.

Cargo bound to Apapa will be routed in relay through Pointe Noire on WAX 3 service.

To Onne, there is no change to the present routing, it is loaded on Onne feeder service

MIDAS 1 port coverage : Jebel Ali - Khorfakkan - Mundra - Nhava Sheva - Colombo - Durban - Pointe Noire (hub for Apapa) - TinCan - Cotonou - Tema - Port Elizabeth - Durban - Jebel Ali


Effective m/v SAFMARINE CHACHAI voy. 08W1RW1MA

WAX 3 serves 2 ports in Nigeria : Apapa and Onne on direct and weekly basis from Asia.

Tincan continues to be promoted. It is routed through Pointe Noire WB in relay on MIDAS 1 service

Port coverage : Xiamen - Shanghai - Ningbo - Nansha - Singapore - Tanjung Pelepas - Walvis Bay - Pointe Noire (hub for Tincan) - Apapa - Onne - Pointe Noire - Tanjung Pelepas - Xiamen.

APL enhances Asia-Subcontinent Network
Daily Shipping Times -Singapore, November 1 Top
APL has announced the enhancement of its Asia-Subcontinent network with the Asia Subcontinent Express 6 (AS6) and Asia Subcontinent Express 7 (AS7) services.

The two new weekly services will be characterised by their extensive market coverage across Asia from China to Southeast Asia to the Indian Subcontinent; as well as competitive transit times. While the two loops directly connect Central and South China to Pakistan's Karachi Ports which handle most of the Country's seaborne cargo volumes; they also link India to her largest trading partner, China.

The AS6 service is designed to stand out with its exclusive Direct connectivity from Nansha to Karachi. The service will call at Shanghai, Ningbo, Shekou, Nansha, Singapore, Port Klang, Nhava Sheva, Karachi (SAPT) and Singapore once more before returning to Shanghai. The first sailing of the AS6 is scheduled to depart from Shanghai on 15 November.

The AS7 service will offer exclusive direct connectivity from Fuzhou to Colombo, Karachi and Mundra. The AS7 service is scheduled to commence sailing from Shanghai on 14 November. The service will call at Shanghai, Ningbo, Fuzhou, Shekou, Singapore, Port Klang, Colombo, Karachi (KICT), Karachi (PICT) and Mundra before routing back to Port Klang, Singapore and Shanghai.

'Cabotage relaxation has helped to reduce Coastal Shipping rates' says Shipping Secretary
Daily Shipping Times -Kolkata, November 1 Top
Union Shipping Secretary Gopal Krishna recently said relaxation of cabotage for foreign-registered vessels has helped reduce Coastal Shipping rates and Indian seaports like Krishnapatnam and Visakhapatnam are attracting a share of cargo which was previously transhipped at Singapore or Colombo.

The Centre relaxed cabotage for foreign registered vessels in May. It allowed foreign liners to pick up cargo en-route. Shipping Line Maersk has already opened coastal links between Kolkata- Paradip and Kattupalli Port of the Adani group in Chennai to facilitate Coastal Shipping.

"We are getting back the cargo," Krishna said. According to him Coastal Shipping failed to grow due to various restrictions involving the ownership of ships, which in turn impacted the availability of ships. The cabotage relaxation has "impacted" the supply.

However, to further promote the sector which would benefit consumers in terms of lower logistics cost, India should do away with the restrictions.

"Currently an Indian citizen cannot charter a foreign flag vessel. This policy is not helping the consumer and is preventing competition and restricting market growth," he said.

Krishna, was in Kolkata to flag off the private public partnership of Garden Reach terminal of Inland Water Authority of India (IWAI), said integrating Coastal Shipping with the inland river transport will open a host of logistics opportunities to trade. The Ministry recently allowed movement of inland vessels within five nautical miles off the coast. A host of agreements were also signed with Bangladesh earlier this month to promote Coastal Shipping and extend the scope of inland river transport protocol by adding new routes and ports.

"We had protocol routes upto Karimgunj in Assam. Now we extended it to Silchar (Assam) and restored the pre-Partition route between Dhulian (Murshidabad, West Bengal) and Rajshahi. We are also exploring the possibility of opening a new link through Gomti river to connect Sonamura in South Tripura," he said.

Inland Water Transport

The IWAI Chairman Pravir Pandey explained that with the passage of the 2016 National Waterways Act the agency is focussing on the dual agenda of building the national waterways and developing feeder channels to make end-to-end movement of cargo possible.

In two separate developments, the Kolkata Port Trust handed over the Garden Reach Terminal, comprising three jetties, to IWAI and the latter awarded it to private partner Summit Alliance for operation and maintenance.

Pandey said while user interest in waterways is rising, there are not many vessels to cater to the need as private entrepreneurs are waiting for the infrastructure to be ready. To break ground IWAI has pressed its own vessels into service and will soon invite tenders for procuring 20 vessels.

"We do not intend to be a vessel operating agency. We are merely doing this to showcase the potential. In the long run private interests should dominate," Pandey said.

According to him, the Varanasi terminal of the Rs. 5,369-crore (Rs.53.6 billion) Ganga Jal Marg project will be inaugurated by November or December and Sahibgunj terminal in Jharkhand will be ready in March next.

Logistics News

Nitin Gadkari lays foundation of India's largest Dry Dock at Cochin Shipyard
Daily Shipping Times - Cochin, October 31 Top
The Union Minister for Shipping, Road Transport & Highways, Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Nitin Gadkari and Kerala Chief Minister Shri Pinarayi Vijayan laid the foundation for India's largest Dry Dock at Cochin Shipyard in Kerala. The Dry Dock will give an impetus to "Make in India" initiative under Sagarmala and raise India's share in global shipbuilding to 2 percent. India currently occupies 0.66 % share in global shipbuilding market.

The commercial ship building industry in India is worth Rs. 3,200 crore (Rs.32 billion) and focuses primarily on small-medium sized offshore vessels and cargo/bulk carriers. At present, Cochin Shipyard has two dry docks, one predominantly used for ship building of size 255m x 43 x 9m and capacity 1,10,000 DWT and the other one for ship repair of size 270 x 45 x 12m and capacity 1,25,000 DWT.

The new Dry Dock is being constructed at a cost of Rs 1799 crore (Rs.17.9 billion). It will be 310 m long, 75m wide, with a depth of 13 m and drought of 9.5m. The dock will be designed to handle both ship building and repairs, and bear a load up to 600 T/m. It will be equipped with international safety standards.

Indian Port News

IWAI to hand over its Kolkata terminals to a private company on supply, operate, maintain model
Exim News Service - Kolkata, Oct. 29 Top
Its first of its kind initiative expected to tap huge potential of Nepal-bound containerised cargo on National Waterways-1

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) will make its foray into Public-Private Partnership (PPP) on Tuesday when it hands over the operation and management of its terminals in Kolkata to Summit Alliance Port East Gateway (India) Pvt. Ltd (SAPEL) on a supply, operate and maintain (SOM) model. The handing over will be done in the presence of Shipping Secretary, Mr Gopal Krishna, at an event in Kolkata.

The terminals GR Jetty-I and BISN and GR Jetty-II of Inland Water Transport (IWT) will be handed over to SAPEL for equipping, operating and managing on a revenue sharing model. The operator will have the right to collect user fees from the users as per the tariff rates notified by IWAI. The contract will be valid for a period of 30 years. SAPEL was awarded the contract in August, 2017 under a revenue sharing arrangement of 61.70 per cent to itself and 38.30 per cent to IWAI through a global tendering process for this work for Garden Reach Terminal in Kolkata and Gaighat and Kalughat Terminal in Patna. Being the first PPP project undertaken by IWAI under SOM model, the event paves the way for private investment in the development of IWT in India, highlighted a release.

The IWT terminals GR Jetty-I and BISN and GR Jetty-II are spread over 30,409.64 square metres and 14,557 square metres, respectively, and have two permanent RCC jetties and one floating jetty besides a Roll on-Roll off terminal. The transportation of trucks on vessels from BISN jetty to Sankrail on the bank, and participation of private sector in the operation and management of the facilities will improve the operational efficiency of the jetties.

According to IWAI Chairman, Mr Pravir Pandey, under the transactional structure worked out by International Finance Corporation (IFC), the operator will undertake the operations and maintenance services at both Kolkata and Patna clusters and invest in cargo handling equipment, container handling equipment and warehousing. The operator will also provide labour, professionals, supervisory, and managerial personnel for performance of operations and maintenance services. The proposed project will facilitate a modal shift of up to 55 per cent of the potential cargo in the catchment area to IWT mode. Existing potential of anchor cargo is of 56,000 TEUs (to/from catchment area) during the base year and expected to grow to 250,000 TEUs over next 15 years. The current handling capacity of the terminal is 1.6 MT which includes bulk and break-bulk cargo. The operator is expected to increase this capacity by three times in the next five years.

The development of both Kolkata and Patna terminals is being undertaken with a view to tap the huge potential of Nepal-bound containerised cargo on NW-1. While the available cargo upstream (for Nepal) at present is 44,000 TEUs, the cargo potential downstream stands at 12,000 TEUs, the release said.

Barging from Kolkata to Patna will lead to cost saving by approximately 24 per cent and 4 per cent as compared to road and rail, respectively, when return cargo is available. Barging from Kolkata to Kathmandu will lead to cost savings by approximately 13 per cent and 26 per cent as compared to road and rail, respectively, when return cargo is available from around Patna.

A periodic and reliable barge shuttle service between the two terminals will cater to freight movement between Kolkata and Patna. Hinterland catchment area of Bihar and Nepal will also be served through this route. The barge shuttle will act as a cargo feeder/evacuation channel of Kolkata port to the hinterland. Patna (Kalughat) terminal, when ready, could act as an extended gate of Kolkata Port. The shuttle service could also act as a feeder or evacuation channel to Dhamra Port in future.

The Kolkata terminals will also facilitate domestic bound and ex-im cargo for North-Eastern region and Bangladesh even as it will prove advantageous for shippers plying on the Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route. On October 25, 2018, India and Bangladesh signed milestone agreements to deepen their maritime relationship. Kolaghat (West Bengal, India) and Chilmari (Bangladesh) were declared as new ports of call. Besides this, an agreement for the use of Mongla and Chattogram port (Bangladesh) for transiting goods to and from India and passenger and cruise vessels from Kolkata to Dhaka and Guwahati through the protocol route were also agreed on, the release added.

Paradip Port implements innovative Mediterranean Mooring type of berthing
Exim News Service - Paradip, October 30 Top
It was an innovative way of handling oil cargo for Paradip Port Trust (PPT), when a tanker, MV Delfine, sailed into the inner harbour carrying 8,000 metric tonnes of palm oil for Adani Wilmar Group and made Mediterranean Mooring type of berthing off Fertiliser Berth No. 1. The vessel, having overall length of 117.60 m and 19 m beam, was manoeuvred by Capt. Sridev under the guidance of the Deputy Conservator and Harbour Master of Marine Department, PPT.

This is an unparalleled, prospective game changer for PPT, as it represents the beginning of cargo handling conducted in a ship with Mediterranean Mooring type of berthing. By this method, the cargo handling quantity of PPT will increase without the addition of any infrastructure, highlighted a release.